By- Devika Agarwal
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a contagious and communicable disease which is caused by a newly discovered coronaviruses which belong to the family of Coronaviridae, order Nidovirales, and realm Riboviria, Coronaviruses are a group of interconnected viruses that cause diseases in mammals and bird.
Coronaviruses cause Respiratory tract Infections in humans which can be lethal or deadly to mild.
Lethal illnesses include SARS, MERS, and COVID-19
Mild illnesses include Common cold, Fever, Cough, Nasal congestion, Shortness of breath, or difficulty breathing.
Some other symptoms may also include-
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
Some people have also experienced the loss of smell or taste. Some people may have no symptoms at all.
People who are older or who already have chronic medical conditions, such as lung disease, diabetes, or heart disease, or who have compromised immune systems may be at higher risk of illness.
COVID-19 outbreak has been declared Pandemic in March 2020, by the World Health Organization (WHO).
How it spread
It’s unclear how infectious the new coronaviruses are. Data have shown that virus spreads from person to person (within about 6 feet, or 2 meters). This deadly virus mainly transmitted by respiratory droplets released when a person with the virus coughs, sneezes, exhales, or talks. These droplets are heavy to hang in the air, so they quickly fall on floors or surfaces.
Some Researches have also shows that the virus can be airborne transmission which can live in the air for up to 3 hours. When you breathe air that has the virus floating in it, can affect you.
It can also spread if a person touches a floor or surface with the virus on it and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth.
The majority of times viruses spreads through people who already have symptoms. But it may be possible to pass this virus on without showing any signs or symptoms. Some people who don’t know they’ve been infected by the virus can easily affect others. This kind of spread is called an asymptomatic spread. You can also pass it on before you notice any signs of infection within yourself, and it will be referred to as the presymptomatic spread.
A few pets have also tested positive for the new coronaviruses. The animals may have caught the virus from some close contact with humans who were infected. But there’s no study or evidence shown that pets play a role in its spread.
Since there is no vaccine available for the prevention of infection with the new coronaviruses, you can take steps to reduce your risk of infection.
- Avoid mass gatherings.
- Keep a safe distance.
- Wash your hands often for at least 20 seconds.
- Use alcohol-based solutions to wash your hands.
- Avoid touching your face.
- Avoid sharing.
- Clean and sterilize floor or surface.
- Wear a mask.
- Cover your mouth and nose with your elbow or tissue when you sneeze or cough.
- Avoid nonessential traveling.
- Stay home.
- Self-quarantine yourself if sick.
- Keep your pets away from people and other animals.
- Practice hand and respiratory hygiene
If you discover any symptoms of coronaviruses or If you have cough, fever, and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention at the earliest – but call your health facility by telephone first. Go on a laboratory test on prescription. Disclose your traveling history with your doctor.
During this time, remember to do self-care
Eat healthy and nutritious food
Get enough sleep
Stay active at home
Try relaxation exercises such as deep breathing, stretching and meditation.
Stay home, Stay safe!!